NERC Reliability Standards ILAs

 

ILA #1

State & describe function of NERC emphasizing NERCs role with respect to system operators

1.     State & describe function of NERC emphasizing NERC's role with respect to system operators & describe roles & responsibilities within NERC's Functional Model

      Topics addressed include purpose of NERC, NERC organization & roles & responsibilities of different entities as described in NERC's Functional Model.  Describe Purpose & Function of NAESB.

2.     Describe process by which Reliability Standards developed & review content areas of typical Reliability Standard

      Topics addressed include description of development process for typical Reliability Standard from SAR to NERC BOT approval.  Sample Reliability Standard presented & content areas described.  Difference between bulk power system (BPS) & bulk electrical system (BES) explained.  Definition of reliability.  Purpose of Standards of Conduct.  Difference between IROL & SOL.

3.     Describe NERC System Operator Certification program including description of System Operator testing process

      Topics addressed include description of 4 possible certification credentials & description of content areas addressed in certification exams

 

ILA #2

Describe & illustrate content of BAL series of Reliability Standards

1.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard BAL-001-2

      Topics addressed include energy balance concept, concept & types of operating reserves, governor control process including droop & deadband, AGC process, constant frequency, constant interchange & tie-line bias AGC modes, inertia, CPS1, CPS2, BAAL, supplemental & overlap regulation services.

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standards BAL-002-1 & BAL-002-2

      Topics addressed include description & application of DCS & usage of contingency reserve

3.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard BAL-003-1.1

      Topics addressed include description of frequency response measure (FRM), frequency bias & minimum bias requirements

4.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard BAL-004-0

      Topics addressed include description of time error control process

5.     Describe & evaluate the impact on system operations of Reliability Standards BAL-005-0.2b & BAL-005-1

      Topics addressed include description & demonstration of usage of tie-line bias ACE equation & usage of HVDC with AGC

6.     Describe & evaluate the impact on system operations of Reliability Standard BAL-006-2

      Topics addressed include description of inadvertent interchange calculation & payback process, difference between primary & secondary inadvertent, inadvertent accounting principles & AIE survey process

 

ILA #3

Describe & illustrate content of CIP, COM & EOP series of Reliability Standards

1.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standards CIP-002-5.1, CIP-003-6, CIP-004-6, CIP-005-5, CIP-006-6, CIP-007-6, CIP-008-5, CIP-009-6, CIP-010-2, CIP-011-2, & CIP-014-2

      Topics addressed include explanation of need for cyber security standards, operating entities responsibilities for preventing cyber security violations, concept of BES cyber assets, concept of BES cyber systems, concepts of physical & electronic security perimeters, concept of security management controls, concept of systems security management, concept of cyber security incident & physical security requirements for BES stations & substations

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standards COM-001-2.1 & COM-002-4

      Topics addressed include concept of & requirements for interpersonnal communcations, concept & requirements for operating instructions & concept & requirements for usage of 3-way communications

3.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-004-3

      Topics addressed include description of NERCs event reporting requirements & description & demonstration of NERC's events analysis process

4.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-005-2

      Topics addressed include description of system restoration process, explanation of need for blackstart generation, description of how blackstart resources used in restoration event & description of NERCs blackstart requirements

5.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-006-2

      Topics addressed include description of need for system restoration plan, description of typical content of restoration plan & description of NERCs requirements for restoration plan

6.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-008-1

      Topics addressed include description of requirements for backup control center functionality

7.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-010-1

      Topics addressed include explanation of GMD & requirements for RCs & TOPs to mitigate effects of GMDs

8.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standard EOP-011-1

      Topics addressed include typical content of TOP's & BA's emergency operating plan, difference between capacity & energy emergencies, description & usage of 3 EEA levels

 

ILA #4

Describe & illustrate content of FAC, MOD & NUC series of Reliability Standards

1.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards FAC-001-3, FAC-002-2 & FAC-003-4

      Topics addressed include description of need for facility connection requirements, description of items addressed in NERCs facility connection requirements, explanation of need for vegetation management procedures & description of NERCs vegetation management requirements

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards FAC-008-3, FAC-010-3, FAC-011-3 & FAC-013-2

      Topics addressed include an explanation of the need for facility ratings & description of NERCs facility ratings methodology requirements, explanation of need for system operating limits (SOLs) & description of NERCs SOL methodology requirements, explanation of need for transfer limits & description of NERCs transfer limits methodology requirements

3.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard MOD-001-2, MOD-028-2, MOD-029-2a & MOD-030-3

      Topics addressed include explanation & illustration of concepts of ATC, AFC, TTC, TFC, TRM & CBM

4.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards MOD-025-2, MOD-026-1, MOD-027-1, MOD-031-2, MOD-032-1 & MOD-033-1

      Topics addressed include description of how computer models used to simulate behavior of power systems & description of dynamic & steady state data used in these computer models

5.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard NUC-001-3

      Topics addressed include importance of documenting nuclear plant interface requirements & role of Transmission Entities associated with nuclear plant

 

ILA #5

Describe & illustrate content of INT series of Reliability Standards

1.     Describe & demonstrate interchange scheduling process including explanation of pseudo-ties & dynamic schedules & describe content of INT-004-3.1

      Topics addressed include description of purpose & usage of E-Tag, concepts of vertical & horizontal stacking, illustrate how interchange transactions result in interchange schedules, describe difference between scheduled path & RTO scheduling methods, describe & illustrate how actual energy flow differs from billed/scheduled energy flow, define block accounting, illustrate concept of RTO, define system lambda, describe dynamic schedules & pseudo ties & tagging process for dynamic transfer

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards INT-006-4, INT-009-2.1 & INT-010-2.1

      Topics addressed include description of 4-step process (arrange, assess, confirm & implement) used to ensure interchange transactions created in reliable manner, describe role of BA in interchange process, describe role of Transmission Service Provider (TSP) in interchange process, describe how INT Standards interpreted during emergency conditions, describe how reliability entities may modify interchange transactions under certain conditions

 

ILA #6

Describe & illustrate content of IRO, PER, TPL & PRC series of Reliability Standards

1.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards IRO-001-4 & IRO-002-4

      Topics addressed include role of RC in maintaining reliable system, description of data & tools RC needs to perform function, need for RC to have wide area view of area, description of issues that RC studies on day-ahead basis, RCs authority to issue operating instructions, description of current-day normal duties performed by RC

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on system operations of Reliability Standards IRO-006-5, IRO-006-EAST-2, IRO-006-WECC-2 & IRO-006-TRE-1

      Topics addressed include description of congestion management process, description of various TLR processes used in different interconnections, description & demonstration of usage of distribution factors

3.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards IRO-008-2, IRO-009-2, IRO-010-2, IRO-014-3 & IRO-017-1

      Topics addressed include general description of computer tools (such as RTCA) used by RCs to evaluate system conditions, RCs responsibilities to respond to IROL violations, importance for RCs in an interconnection to coordinate their activities, description of data exchanged by RCs, description of RCs outage coordination process

4.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards PER-001-0.2, PER-003-1 & PER-005-2

      Topics addressed include importance of documenting responsibilities & authority of system operator & description of certification requirements for system operators.  PER-005-2 is briefly described to ensure operators understand the process used by their companys training department to develop their training program.

5.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards TPL-001-4 & TPL-007-1

      Topics addressed include description of factors considered in setting operating limits such as thermal, voltage, & stability limits, description of NERCs concept of N-1, & PCs & TPs role in system planning to mitigate effects of GMDs

6.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards PRC-001-1.1(i), PRC-027-1, PRC-002-2, PRC-004-5(i) & PRC-005-6

      Topics addressed include explanation of basic protection concepts, need to coordinate protection between adjacent transmission & generation facilities, need to analyze protection system mis-operations, need for protective system maintenance & testing, need to collect & analyze disturbance events after the fact

7.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard PRC-006-2

      Topics addressed include description of purpose, design & operation of UFLS systems & description of NERCs requirements with respect to UFLS

8.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard PRC-010-2

      Topics addressed include description of purpose, design & operation of UVLS systems & description of NERCs requirements with respect to UVLS

9.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards PRC-015-1, PRC-016-1 & PRC-017-1

      Topics addressed include description of purpose, design & operation of remedial action schemes (RAS) & description of NERC's requirements with respect to RAS

10.  Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards PRC-019-2, PRC-023-4, PRC-024-2, PRC-025-1 & PRC-026-1

      Topics addressed include concept of loadability of generators & transmission, description of how protective relay operations can contribute to cascading outage, description of need for generator voltage & frequency protective relay limits & coordination & need to avoid relay operation during survivable power swings

 

ILA #7

Describe & illustrate content of TOP & VAR series of Reliability Standards.

1.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standards TOP-001-3 & TOP-002-4

      Describe process by which TOP issues operating instructions, describe need for TOP to perform real-time system analysis, describe process by which TOPs & BAs schedule generator & transmission outages, describe TOP's role with respect to operating within SOLs, IROLs & RAS limitations, & describe typical TOPs next day operating plan

2.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard TOP-003-3

      Describe need for TOPs to create data specifications & list types of data required by TOPs, describe need for & process by which TOPs & BAs create load forecasts & describe how TOPs monitor power system conditions & equipment status

3.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard VAR-001-4.1

      Describe how TOPs perform their voltage control function, list equipment & describe how used to perform voltage control, describe how TOPs & GOPs coordinate in voltage control process, describe concepts of rotating & reactive reserve & describe concepts of dynamic & manual reactive reserve

4.     Describe & evaluate impact on systems operations of Reliability Standard VAR-002-4

      Describe role of generators with respect to voltage control, state & illustrate how generators excitation system & voltage regulator used in voltage control process.  Illustrate usage of generator's reactive capability curve.  Describe concept of PSS.